Kajiado, Kenya

Maasai men of Matapato go to the Olng’esherr (meat-eating) section function to join two age-sets; the more seasoned Ilpaamu and the more youthful Ilaitete into senior elderhood, as the last soul changing experience, after the occasion was at first delayed due to Covid.

Weight only 1.2 kg, length 70 cm, gold medal achieved

The task of saving the lives of the people is generally attributed to the army personnel and security personnel, but when someone does a unique and small animal, they are entitled to the reward.

Innocent animals are not expected to do such a risky job as to save someone's life, but a case has come to light in London that has caught everyone's attention. This unique animal is a small mouse.

The rat named Magawa has been awarded the PDSA Gold Medal. This medal is given to the animals for bravery. Magawa has detected more than 39 landmines and other explosive material. When he comes to know about the landmine, he starts digging the ground, which makes his carers aware of the presence of explosive substance.

Magawa is trained by Belgian non-profit organization Apopo. This organization has been using animals to locate landmines since the year 1990. According to the organization, Magawa is underweight. Even if it reaches over a landmine, it still does not explode.It takes 20 minutes to examine a field as large as a tennis court.

A UK charity has awarded a Gold Medal for bravery to a giant African-born rat. This rat helped remove landmines in Cambodia. He is the first rat to win this award. This African giant pouched rat is named Magawa and is seven years old.
He sniffed and discovered 39 landmines. Apart from this, he also discovered 28 other such ammunition which were not torn. On Friday, the UK charity Charity PDSA honored the rat.

Magawa helped make the 1.5 million sq ft area in the Southeast Asian country of Cambodia free of landmines. You can compare this place with the equivalent of 20 football pitches. These landmines date back to the 1970s and 1980s when the barbaric civil war broke out in Cambodio. The Mine Action Center (CMAC) of Cambodio says that the area of ​​6 million sq ft still remains to be explored.

Rats are taught how to detect chemical elements in explosives and to ignore waste metal. This means that they can quickly detect landmines. Once they find the explosive, then they alert their human colleagues about it.Their training takes a year. The Halo Trust, an NGO working for landmine removal, says that since 1979, 64,000 people have died due to these landmines, while more than 25 thousand have been crippled.

Magawa weighs just 1.2 kg and is 70 cm tall. This means that it does not have so much weight that if it passes over the landmines, they burst. He can search the space equivalent to a tennis court in half an hour. Humans need four days to clean such a large area with the help of metal detectors.

Magava is now nearing his retirement after completing seven years of age. The San Diego Zoo in California states that the average age of giant African pouched mice is eight years. PDSA Director General Jan McLaughlin said in a conversation with the Press Association of Britain that Magawa has saved the lives of men, women and children who are affected by these landmines.

Paris, France

French firemen push a cart conveying a harmed individual close to the previous workplaces of the French ironical magazine Charlie Hebdo following a supposed assault by a man using a blade. The dangers match with the preliminary of 14 associated assistants with the culprits of the shooting at Charlie Hebdo and a Jewish store that left an aggregate of 17 dead in 2015.

By Burying humans in this special coffin, plants will get special nutrients

A Dutch company 'Loop' from the Netherlands has created a coffin that completely destroys the human body. Coffins are usually made of wood, but the company has made this coffin from fungus. It is a biodiggable coffin offered by the company.

The company says that after death, the body itself slowly disintegrates, but with this special coffin, the body of the deceased will be completely mixed into the soil and it will serve as a nutrient for the tree plants. . The company has named this coffin as 'Living Coffin' for these specific reasons. The company has priced its special coffin at 1,500 euros, which is about one and a quarter million rupees in Indian currency.

The company says that the people whose bodies will be buried in it will be able to give life to countless trees and plants even in the dead state. According to Reuters, the Loop Company says that the outer walls of this coffin are made of mycelium. This substance is actually a part of a fungus like mushroom resembling the roots inside the soil.

A thick layer of moss has been laid in this coffin on the inside, which helps to speed up the disintegration of the body. Talking to Reuters, its creator Bob Hendrix stated that mycelium is in fact one of nature's best recycling agents. According to him, mycelium constantly looks for food and converts it into nutrients for plants.

Another important property of mycelium is that it can also lick toxic substances and turn them into nutrients useful for plants. According to Hendrix, Mylium was used extensively to clean the soil after Russia's Chernobyl nuclear accident. The same thinking was behind preparing the coffin prepared with this special substance. He said that when dead bodies are buried in the ground, the soil there becomes very polluted.

But this will not happen because of the coffin. The mycelium used in this coffin will get its favorite metals, oils and microplastics and the soil nutrients will also return.

The company says that the process of making this coffin is also very special. It is grown like any plant. It takes seven days to grow a coffin in this way. The loop company lab at the Delft Technical University in the Netherlands employs a simple coffin mold for mounting it.

For the mycelium to flourish, it is mixed with thin layers of wood and spread on this mold. After seven days, it is taken out of the mold and then left to dry for a few days.

It can also bear about 200 kg after drying. In 30 to 45 days after the coffin is buried in the soil along with the dead body, the coffin comes into contact with the water present in the earth. In its 2 to 3 years, the dead body kept in it will also be completely destroyed. According to the company, bodies buried in traditional coffins take up to two decades to be destroyed.

The Tajmahal crowned was 466 kg gold

The reign of Shah Jahan in the Mughal period is called the Golden Age. Shah Jahan built the gold Takht-e-Taus (Peacock Throne) with jewels worth crores of rupees including the Kohinoor. In 1739, Nadirshah was looted from Delhi's Red Fort. Shah Jahan also built the urn on the dome of the Taj with gold. 466 kg of gold was used in it.
In 1810, the British officer Joseph Taylor got it removed and got a gold polished copper urn. This urn has been replaced three times so far. If India had not been robbed of gold birds in history, today's India would have been rich.

Historian Rajkishore Raje in his book 'Tawarikh-e-Agra' has made full mention of changing the Kalash of Taj Mahal thrice. Raje writes that the urn of the Taj Mahal was made of 40 thousand weights (466 kg) of gold. This gold was given from the royal treasury. The urn was prepared under the supervision of Kazim Khan, called from Lahore. The Moon and Kalash are made on top of it.

This urn of gold was taken off by British officer Joseph Taylor in the year 1810. It was replaced by an urn made of gold polished copper. This urn was subsequently replaced in the year 1876 and 1940. The shape of the Kalash of the Taj Mahal on the jasmine floor in front of the guest house was made by Nathuram in 1888 on the directions of the British archaeologists.

It was built so that there is no problem in the future of the urn. The height of the present-day Kalash at the dome of the Taj Mahal is 9.29 meters. D. Dayalan has given this information in his book 'Taj Mahal and Its Conservation'.