Chandragupta Maurya


Chandragupta Maurya (rule: c. 321 – c. 297 BCE) was the author of the Maurya Empire in old India. He constructed one of the biggest ever realms on the Indian subcontinent and afterward, as indicated by Jain sources, he denied everything and turned into a Jain priest. Recorded Jain writings guarantee Chandragupta pursued Jainism by first revoking his riches and influence, leaving with Jain priest Acharya Bhadrabahu, and playing out a custom of calmly inviting demise by fasting. Chandragupta’s life and achievements are depicted in antiquated Hindu, Buddhist, and Greek writings, yet the subtleties fluctuate essentially from those in the Jain texts. Megasthenes filled in as a Greek envoy in his court for a long time.

As per different legends, Chandragupta, with the direction of his Chief Minister Chanakya (otherwise called Kautilya), made another domain, applied the standards of statecraft, manufactured a huge armed force and kept extending the limits of his realm. Chandragupta ventured into the Indian satraps of the Greek Seleucus I Nicator and verified a marriage collusion. Chandragupta’s domain nearly traversed the Indian subcontinent, aside from the southernmost areas (presently Tamil Nadu and Kerala) and Kalinga (presently Odisha). Subsequent to binding together quite a bit of India, Chandragupta and Chanakya passed a progression of major financial and political changes. Chandragupta set up a solid focal organization from Pataliputra (presently Patna). Chandragupta’s India had a proficient, profoundly sorted out structure. The realm constructed framework, for example, water system, sanctuaries, mines and streets, prompting a solid economy. During Chandragupta’s rule and that of his line, numerous religions flourished in India, with Buddhism, Jainism and Ajivika picking up noticeable quality alongside the Brahmanism traditions. A remembrance to Chandragupta Maurya exists on Chandragiri slope in Shravanabelagola, Karnakata.


History of Yoga

loYoga’s history has numerous spots of lack of clarity and vulnerability because of its oral transmission of consecrated writings and the undercover idea of its lessons. The early works on yoga were interpreted on delicate palm leaves that were effectively harmed, crushed or lost. The advancement of yoga can be followed back to more than 5,000 years prior, however a few analysts believe that yoga might be as long as 10,000 years of age old. Yoga’s long rich history can be isolated into four fundamental times of advancement, practice and improvement.

Pre-Classical Yoga

The beginnings of Yoga were created by the Indus-Sarasvati human progress in Northern India more than 5,000 years back. The word yoga was first referenced in the most established hallowed writings, the Rig Veda. The Vedas were an assortment of writings containing melodies, mantras and customs to be utilized by Brahmans, the Vedic clerics. Yoga was gradually refined and created by the Brahmans and Rishis (spiritualist diviners) who reported their practices and convictions in the Upanishads, a tremendous work containing more than 200 sacred texts. The most prestigious of the Yogic sacred texts is the Bhagavad-Gîtâ, formed around 500 B.C.E. The Upanishads took the possibility of custom penance from the Vedas and disguised it, showing the penance of the inner self through self-information, activity (karma yoga) and knowledge (jnana yoga).

Classical Yoga

In the pre-old style arrange, yoga was a hodgepodge of different thoughts, convictions and methods that regularly tangled and negated one another. The Classical time frame is characterized by Patanjali’s Yoga-Sûtras, the primary deliberate introduction of yoga. Kept in touch with some time in the subsequent century, this content depicts the way of Raja Yoga, regularly called “traditional yoga”. Patanjali sorted out the act of yoga into an “eight limbed way” containing the means and stages towards acquiring Samadhi or illumination. Patanjali is regularly viewed as the dad of yoga and his Yoga-Sûtras still firmly impact most styles of present day yoga.

Post-Classical Yoga

A couple of hundreds of years after Patanjali, yoga aces made an arrangement of practices intended to restore the body and draw out life. They dismissed the lessons of the old Vedas and held onto the physical body as the way to accomplish illumination. They created Tantra Yoga, with radical systems to purify the body and mind to break the bunches that dilemma us to our physical presence. This investigation of these physical-otherworldly associations and body focused practices prompted the production of what we principally consider yoga in the West: Hatha Yoga.

Modern Period

In the late 1800s and mid 1900s, yoga aces started to head out toward the West, standing out and supporters. This started at the 1893 Parliament of Religions in Chicago, when Swami Vivekananda wowed the participants with his talks on yoga and the all inclusiveness of the world’s religions. During the 1920s and 30s, Hatha Yoga was unequivocally advanced in India with crafted by T. Krishnamacharya, Swami Sivananda and different yogis rehearsing Hatha Yoga. Krishnamacharya opened the first Hatha Yoga school in Mysore in 1924 and in 1936 Sivananda established the Divine Life Society on the banks of the blessed Ganges River. Krishnamacharya created three understudies that would proceed with his inheritance and increment the notoriety of Hatha Yoga: B.K.S. Iyengar, T.K.V. Desikachar and Pattabhi Jois. Sivananda was a productive writer, composing more than 200 books on yoga, and built up nine ashrams and various yoga revolves situated far and wide.

The importation of yoga toward the West still proceeded at a stream until Indra Devi opened her yoga studio in Hollywood in 1947. From that point forward, a lot increasingly western and Indian instructors have become pioneers, promoting hatha yoga and increasing a huge number of adherents. Hatha Yoga currently has a wide range of schools or styles, all stressing the a wide range of parts of the training.