A gay woman has been appointed prime minister of Serbia in a double first for the EU-candidate state.
Ana Brnabić, 41, a graduate of the University of Hull in England, is the Balkan nation’s first gay PM and first female PM.
Brnabić’s appointment, which comes in the same week that Leo Varadkar was formally elected as Ireland’s first gay PM, is all the more remarkable given that virulent homophobia is still widespread in the Balkans.
Brnabić entered politics just last year when she became Serbia’s first openly gay minister, heading the ministry for public administration and local self-government. She studied in the US and graduated in Hull with a marketing MBA in 2001, before returning to Serbia to work in the wind power industry and then for US-funded development projects.
Goran Miletić, a civil rights activist and Belgrade Pride organiser, said: “Even in some western countries it would be big news and a positive signal if a gay or lesbian person became prime minister or minister. It is even more important for a country where 65% believe that homosexuality is an illness and 78% think that homosexuality should not be expressed outside homes. The appointment of a lesbian can only be a positive message.”
Miletić said LGBT rights were a low priority both for the government and international community, though Vučić’s administration had made some progress, including on legal recognition of gender reassignment.
Violence and discrimination are widespread and recourse to justice after homophobic attacks limited by social stigma. Belgrade’s high-profile Pride parade has been suspended in the past over “security concerns” and now takes place under heavy police guard, amid protests by the far right and the Orthodox church. Miletić said respect for LGBT rights was unlikely to grow in the near future.
Brnabić will take up her role as Serbia navigates a crucial few years: the country is preparing for EU membership while retaining its traditionally close relationship with Russia, and nurturing a growing friendship with Beijing.
Although the role of prime minister is the most powerful constitutionally, Vučić is almost universally seen as retaining a grip on power via his leadership of the ruling Serbian Progressive party and his influence in various organs of state.
While openly committed to preparing Serbia for EU membership as soon as 2020, Vučić is accused by his critics of centralising power, controlling the media and turning a blind eye to corruption in his close circle.
The expectation prior to Brnabić’s appointment was that he would appoint a close ally – even a puppet – to maintain his oversight of all areas of policy. Brnabić’s relatively low profile, political inexperience and lack of a power base may give her limited room for manoeuvre.
“I do not believe that Brnabić will lead or have an impact on foreign policy,” said Boban Stojanović, a political scientist at the University of Belgrade. “This will remain the exclusive domain of President Vučić.”
The appointment could end up being window-dressing for Vučić and Serbia, Stojanović added. “The problem is that it will mask the real picture of the situation of civil and human rights in Serbia. The choice of a member of the LGBT community for prime minister will be used as an indicator of the state of civil and human rights, and that is not realistic.”